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Agdam is a ghost town and the nominal capital of Agdam District of Azerbaijan. Founded in the early 19th century, it grew considerably during the Soviet period and had 28,031 inhabitants by 1989.
Armenian forces captured Agdam in July 1993 during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. The heavy fighting forced the entire population to flee eastwards. Upon seizing the city, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) forces destroyed much of the town to discourage Azerbaijanis from returning. More damage occurred in the following decades when locals looted the abandoned town for building materials. It is currently almost entirely ruined and uninhabited, prompting the locals to refer to it as the Hiroshima of the Caucasus. As part of an agreement that ended the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War the town and its surrounding district were returned to Azerbaijani control on 20 November 2020.
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